Experiments Bibliography

Bibliography for Climate Governance Experiments
Below are a number of works, some that directly discuss specific climate governance experiments others that address theoretical concepts helpful for thinking about climate governance experiments.  This is not a comprehensive list (and it may not be representative either) of works on climate governance, rather it is a list of works that have influenced and aided the development of my climate governance experiments research project.  Feel free to send citations for inclusion.

Aall, C., Groven, K. & Lindseth, G. 2007. The Scope of Action for Local Climate Policy: The Case of Norway. Global Environmental Politics 7 (2): 83-101.

Abate, Randall. 2006. Kyoto or Not, Here We Come: The Promise and Perils of the Piecemeal Approach to Climate Change Regulation in the United States. Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 15 (2): 369-401.

Adger, W.N. 2001. Scales of governance and environmental justice for adaptation and mitigation of climate change. Journal of International Development 13 (7): 921-931.

Allman, L., Fleming, P. & Wallace, A. (2004). “The Progress of English and Welsh Local Authorities in Addressing Climate Change.” Local Environment 9(3): 271-283.

Andonova, Liliana B., Michele M. Betsill, and Harriet Bulkeley. 2009. Transnational Climate Governance. Global Environmental Politics 9 (2): 52-73.

Bachram, Heidi. 2004. Climate Fraud and Carbon Colonialism: The New Trade in Greenhouse Gases. Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 15 (4): 5-20.

Bergek, Anna, Staffan Jacobsson, and Bjorn Sanden. 2008. ‘Legitimation’ and ‘development of positive externalities’: two key processes in the formation of phase of technological innovations systems. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 20 (5): 575-592.

Bernstein, Steven. 2001. The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism. New York: Columbia University Press.

—. 2005. Legitimacy in Global Environmental Governance. Journal of International Relations and International Law 1 (1-2): 139-166.

Bernstein, Steven, and Benjamin Cashore. 2000. Globalization, Fourth Paths of Internationalization and Domestic Policy Change: The Case of Eco-forestry Policy Change in British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Political Science 33 (1): 67-99.

Bernstein, Steven, Benjamin Cashore, Kelly Levin, and Graeme Auld. 2007. Playing it Forward: Path Dependency, Progressive Incrementalism, and the “Super Wicked” Problem of Global Climate Change. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Chicago, IL.

Bernstein, Steven, Michele Betsill, Matthew Hoffman and Matthew Paterson. Forthcoming. A Tale of Two Copenhagens: Carbon Markets and Climate Governance.

Betsill, Michele. 2001. Mitigating Climate Change in US Cities: Opportunities and Obstacles. Local Environment 6(4): 393-406.

—. 2002. Environmental NGOs Meet the Sovereign State: The Kyoto Protocol Negotiations on Global Climate Change. Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy 13 (1): 49-64.

Betsill, Michele, and Harriet Bulkeley. 2004. Transnational Networks and Global Environmental Governance: the Cities for Climate Protection Program. International Studies Quarterly 48 (2): 471-493.

—. 2006. Cities and the Multilevel Governance of Global Climate Change. Global Governance 12 (2): 141-159.

—. 2007. Looking Back and Thinking Ahead: A Decade of Cities and Climate Change Research. Local Environment 12 (5): 447-456.

Betsill, Michele, and Matthew J. Hoffmann. 2008. The Evolution of Emissions Trading Systems for Greenhouse Gases. Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, CA.

—. 2010. The Contours of Cap and Trade: The evolution of emissions trading systems for greenhouse gases. Unpublished manuscript.

Bodansky, Daniel, and Eliot Diringer. 2007. Towards an Integrated Multi-Track Climate Framework. Pew Center on Global Climate Change. Available at < http://www.pewclimate.org/multi-track >.

Bulkeley, Harriet. 2005. Reconfiguring environmental governance: Towards a politics of scales and networks. Political Geography 24(8): 875-902.

Bulkeley, Harriet and Michele M. Betsill. 2003. Cities and Climate Change: Urban Sustainability and Global Environmental Governance. London: Routledge.

Bulkeley, Harriet, Matthew Hoffmann, Stacy D. VanDeveer, and Tori Henson. Forthcoming 2010. Transnational Governance Experiments: Evidence from the Climate Change Arena.  In Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered: New Actors, Mechanisms and Interlinkages, edited by Frank Biermann and Phillipp Pattberg. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Bulkeley, Harriet and Kristine Kern. 2006. Local Government and the Governing of Climate Change in Germany and the UK. Urban Studies 43 (12): 2237-2259.

Bumpus, Adam, and Diana Liverman. 2008. Accumulation by Decarbonization and the Governance of Carbon Offsets. Economic Geography 84 (2): 127-55.

Byrne, John, Kristen Hughes, Wilson Rickerson, and Lado Kurdgelashvili. 2007. American policy conflict in the greenhouse: Divergent trends in federal, regional, state, and local green energy and climate change policy. Energy Policy 35 (9): 4555-4573.

Capoor, Karan, and Philippe Ambrosi. 2009. State and Trends of the Carbon Market 2009. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

Cashore, Benjamin. 2002. Legitimacy and the Privatization of Environmental Governance: How Non State Market-Driven (NSMD) Governance Systems Gain Rule Making Authority. Governance 15 (4): 503-529.

Cashore, Benjamin, and Steven Bernstein. 2004. Non-State Global Governance: Is Forest Certification a Legitimate Alternative to a Global Forest Convention? In Hard Choices, Soft Law: Combining Trade, Environment, and Social Cohesion in Global Governance, edited by John Kirton and Michael Trebilcock. Aldershot: Ashgate Press.

Christoff, Peter. 2006. Post-Kyoto? Post-Bush? Towards an effective ‘climate coalition of the willing.’  International Affairs 82 (5): 831-860.

Clapp, Jennifer. 2005. Global Environmental Governance for Corporate Responsibility and Accountability. Global Environmental Politics 5 (3): 23-34.

Clapp, Jennifer and Peter Dauvergne. 2005. Pathways to a Green World: The Political Economy of the Global Environment. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Collier, U. (1997). “Local Authorities and Climate Protection in the EU:  Putting Subsidiarity into Practice?” Local Environment 2(1):39-57.

Comfort, Louise K. 1994. Self-Organization in Complex Systems. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 4 (3): 393-410.

Corell, Elisabeth, and Michele M. Betsill. 2001. A Comparative Look at NGO Influence in International Environmental Negotiations: Desertification and Climate Change. Global Environmental Politics 1 (4): 86-107.

—. 2008. NGO Diplomacy: The influence of non-governmental organizations in international environmental negotiations. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Couch, Colin, and Henry Farrell. 2004. Breaking the Path of Institutional Development? Alternative to the New Determinism. Rationality and Society 16 (1): 5-43.

Deangelo, B. J. & Harvey, L. D. D. 1998. “The Jurisdictional Framework for Municipal Action to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Case Studies from Canada, the USA and Germany.” Local Environment 3(2): 111-136.

Denemark, Robert, and Matthew J. Hoffmann. 2008. Not Just Scraps of Paper: The Dynamics of Multilateral Treaty-Making. Cooperation and Conflict 43 (2): 185-219.

Depledge, Joanna. 2006. The opposite of learning: Ossification in the climate change regime. Global Environmental Politics 6 (1): 1-22.

Dietz, Thomas, Gerald T. Gardner, Jonathan Gilligan, Paul C. Stern, and Michael P. Vandenbergh. 2009. Household actions can provide a behavioral wedge to rapidly reduce U.S. carbon emissions. PNAS 106 (44): 18452-18456.

Ecoplan/Natsource. 2006. Linking Domestic Emissions Trading Schemes to the EU ETS. Berne/London. Available at < http://sd-cite.iisd.org/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=36157&gt;.

Engels, Anita. 2006. Market Creation and Transnational Rule-making: The case of CO2 Emissions Trading. In Transnational Governance: Institutional Dynamics of Regulation edited by M. L. Djelic and K. Sahlin-Anderson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Epstein, Joshua, and Robert Axtell. 1996. Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.

Esty, Daniel C. 2006. From Local to Global: The Changing Face of the Environmental Challenge. SAIS Review 26 (2): 191-197.

—. 2007. Beyond Kyoto: Learning from the Montreal Protocol In Architectures for Agreement: Addressing Global Climate Change in the Post-Kyoto World edited by Joseph E. Aldy and Robert N. Stavins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 260-269.

Falkner, Robert. 2003. Private environmental governance and international relations: Exploring the links. Global Environmental Politics 3(2): 72-87.

Finnemore, Martha. 1996. National Interests in International Society. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

—. 2003. The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs about the Use of Force. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Finnemore, Martha and Sikkink, Kathryn. 1998. International Norm Dynamics and Political Change. International Organization 52 (4): 887-918.

Flachsland, Christian, Robert Marschinski, and Ottmar Edenhofer. 2009. To Link or not to Link: Benefits and Disadvantages of Linking Cap and Trade Systems. Climate Policy 9 (4): 358-372.

Frye, Wes. 2008. Connected and Sustainable Energy. White Paper written for the Connected Urban Development Global Conference 2008 – Amsterdam. Available at <http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/docs/wp/ctd/connected_energy.pdf&gt;.

Gemilll, Gary, and Charles Smith. 1985. A Dissipative Structure Model of Organization Transformation. Human Relations 38 (8): 751-766.

Gibson, Robert B., ed. 1999. Voluntary Initiatives and the New Politics of Corporate Greening. Peterborough: Broadview Press.

Gupta, Joyeeta, Kim Van Der Leeuw, and Hans De Moel. 2007. Climate Change: a ‘glocal’ problem requiring ‘glocal’ action. Environmental Sciences 4 (3): 139-148.

Haas, Peter M. 2008. Climate change governance after Bali. Global Environmental Politics 8 (3): 1-7.

Hajer, Maarten. 2003. Policy without Polity? Policy analysis and the institutional void. Policy Sciences 36 (2): 175-195.

Hall, Rodney Bruce, and Thomas Biersteker, eds. 2002. The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hamilton, Katherine, Milo Sjardin, Allison Shapiro, and Thomas Marcello. 2009. Fortifying the Foundation: State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2009. A Report by Ecosystem Marketplace & New Carbon Finance. Available at < http://www.ecosystemmarketplace.com/pages/dynamic/article.page.php?page_id=6773&section=home&eod=1&gt;.

Harris, Paul, ed. 2000. Climate Change and American Foreign Policy. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Harmes, Adam. 2006. Neoliberalism and multilevel governance. Review of International Political Economy 13(5): 725-749.

Haufler, Virginia. 2003. Globalization and Industry Self-Regulation.  In Governance in a Global Economy: Political Authority in Transition edited by Miles Kahler and David Lake.  Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Hoffman, Andrew J. 2006. Getting Ahead of the Curve: Corporate Strategies that Address Climate Change. Washington, DC: Pew Center on Global Climate Change.

Hoffmann, Matthew J. 2003. Constructing a Complex World: The Frontiers of International Relations Theory and Foreign Policy-Making. Asian Journal of Political Science 11 (2): 37-57.

—. 2005. Ozone Depletion and Climate Change: Constructing a Global Response. Albany: State University of New York Press.

—. 2007. The Global Regime: Current Status of and Quo Vadis for Kyoto. In A Globally Integrated Climate Policy for Canada, edited by Steven Bernstein, Jutta Brunnee, David G. Duff, and Andrew J. Greene, 137-157. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Hoffmann, Matthew, and John Riley. 2002. The Science of Political Science: Linearity or Complexity in the Design of Social Inquiry. New Political Science 24 (2): 303-320.

Hooghe, Liesbet, and Gary Marks. 2003. Unraveling the central state, but how? Types of multi-level governance. American Political Science Review 97(2): 233-243.

Jaffe, Judson, and Robert N. Stavins. 2007. Linking Tradable Permit Systems for Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Opportunities, Implications, and Challenges. Geneva: Report for International Emissions Trading Association. Available at < http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/17770/linking_tradable_permit_systems_for_greenhouse_gas_emissions.html&gt;.

Jagers, Sverker C., and Johannes Stripple. 2003. Climate governance beyond the state. Global Governance 9(3): 385-399.

Kellow, Aynsley. 2006. A New Process for Negotiating Multilateral Environmental Agreements? The Asia-Pacific Climate Partnership beyond Kyoto. Australian Journal of International Affairs 60 (2): 287-303.

Kern, Kristine, and Harriet Bulkeley. 2009. Cities, Europeanization and Multi-level Governance: Governing Climate Change through Transnational Municipal Networks. Journal of Common Market Studies 47 (2): 309-332.

Keohane, Robert O. 2010. The Economy of Esteem and Climate Change. St Antony’s International Review 5 (2): 16-28.

Keohane, Robert O., and Kal Raustalia. 2008. Toward a Post-Kyoto Climate Change Architecture: A Political Analysis. Discussion Paper 08-01, The Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements. Available at <http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/Keohane%20and%20Raustiala%20HPICA1.pdf>.

Keohane, Robert O., and David G. Victor. 2010. The Regime Complex for Climate Change. Discussion Paper 10-33, The Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements. Available at < http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/19880/regime_complex_for_climate_change.html&gt;.

Kim, Jayes, Tony Kim, Todd Litman, JD Stanley, and Val Stoyanov. 2008. Connected and Sustainable Mobility. White Paper written for the Connected Urban Development Global Conference 2008 – Amsterdam. Available at: <http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/docs/wp/ctd/connected_mobility.pdf&gt;.

Koehn, Peter H. 2008. “Underneath Kyoto: Emerging Subnational Government Initiatives and Incipient Issue-Bundling Opportunities in China and the United States.” Global Environmental Politics 8(1): 53-77.

Kolk, Ans, and Jonatan Pinkse. 2007. Multinationals’ political activities on climate change.

Business and Society 46 (2): 201-228.

Kolk, Ans and Jonatan Pinkse. 2008. Business and climate change: Emergent institutions in global governance. Corporate Governance: International Journal of Business in Society 8 (4): 419-429.

Kolk, Ans, David Levy, and Jonatan Pinkse. 2008. Corporate responses in an emerging climate regime: The institutionalization and commensuration of carbon disclosure. European Accounting Review 17 (4): 719-745.

Kollman, Ken, John H. Miller, and Scott E. Page. 1997. Political Institutions and Sorting in a Tiebout Model. American Economic Review 87 (5): 977 – 992.

Kollmuss, Anja, and Benjamin Bowell. 2006. Voluntary Offsets for Air-Travel Carbon Emissions: Evaluations and Recommendations of Voluntary Offset Companies. Tufts Climate Initiative. Available at <http://www.tufts.edu/tie/tci/pdf/TCI_Carbon_Offsets_Paper_Jan31.pdf&gt;.

Kousky, Carolyn, and Stephen H. Schneider. 2003. Global Climate Policy: Will Cities Lead the Way? Climate Policy 3 (4): 359-372.

Lawrence, Peter. 2007. The Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (AP6): a distraction to the Kyoto process or a viable alternative? Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law 10 (4): 183-209.

Levy, David L., and Peter Newell. 2002. Business strategy and international environmental governance: Toward a neo-Gramscian synthesis. Global Environmental Politics 3 (4): 84-101.

Lindseth, Gard. 2004. The Cities for Climate Protection Campaign (CCPC) and the Framing of Local Climate Policy. Local Environment 9 (4): 325-336.

Litfin, Karen. 2000. Environment, Wealth, and Authority: Global Climate Change and Emerging Modes of Legitimation. International Studies Review 2 (2): 119-148.

Litz, Franz and Nicholas Bianco. 2009. Keeping the Light on in the State Laboratory: Enabling U.S. States to Achieve Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions through Retirement of Federal Cap-and-Trade Allowances. WRI Issue Brief. Available at < http://www.wri.org/node/11295&gt;.

Lövbrand, Eva, Teresia Rindefjäll, and Joakim Nordqvist. 2009. Closing the legitimacy gap in global environmental governance? Lessons from the emerging CDM market. Global Environmental Politics 9 (2): 74-100.

Mazmanian, Daniel A., John Jurewitz, and Hal Nelson. 2008. California’s Climate Change Policy

The Case of a Subnational State Actor Tackling a Global Challenge. The Journal of Environment

& Development. 17 (4): 401-423.

Mcgee, Jeffrey and Ros Taplin. 2006. The Asia–Pacific partnership on clean development and climate: A complement or competitor to the Kyoto protocol? Global Change, Peace & Security 18(3): 173-192.

McKibbin, Warwick, and Peter Wilcoxen. 2002. Climate Change Policy after Kyoto: Blueprint for a Realistic Approach. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.

Michaelowa, Axel. 2006. Principles of Climate Policy after 2012. Intereconomics 41 (2): 60-63.

Michaelowa, Axel, and Frank Jotzo. 2005. Transaction costs, institutional rigidities and the size of the clean development mechanism. Energy policy 33 (4): 511-523.

Midwestern Governors Association. 2009. Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord: Advisory Group Draft Final Recommendations. June 2009. Available at < http://www.midwesternaccord.org/GHG%20Draft%20Advisory%20Group%20Recommendations.pdf&gt;.

Moser, Susanne. 2007. In the Long Shadows of Inaction: The Quiet Building of a Climate Protection Movement in the United States. Global Environmental Politics 7 (2): 124-144.

Newell, Peter. 2000. Climate for change: non-state actors and the global politics of the greenhouse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Newell, Peter, and Matthew Paterson. 2010. Climate Capitalism: global warming and the transformation of the global economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nordhaus, William. 2008. A Question of Balance. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Nordhaus, Robert R., and Kyle W. Danish. 2003. Designing a Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reduction Program for the U.S. Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Washington, DC. Available at < http://www.pewclimate.org/publications/report/designing-mandatory-greenhouse-gas-reduction-program-us>.

Okereke, Chukwumerije, Harriet Bulkeley, and Heike Schroeder. 2009. Conceptualizing Climate Governance Beyond the International Regime. Global Environmental Politics 9 (1): 58-78.

Olsen, Kim. R., and Jyoti P. Painuly. 2002. The Clean Development Mechanism: A Bane or a Boon for Developing Countries? International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 2 (3): 237-260.

Osborne, David. 1990. Laboratories of Democracy. Cambridge: Harvard Business School Press.

Osofsky, Hari M. and Janet Koven Levit. 2008. The Scale of Networks? Local Climate Change Coalitions. Chicago Journal of International Law 8 (2): 409-436.

Parker, P. & Rowlands, I. H. 2007. “City Partners Maintain Climate Change Action Despite National Cuts: Residential Energy Efficiency Programme Valued at Local Level.” Local Environment 12(5): 505-517.

Paterson, Matthew. 2001. Risky Business: Insurance Companies in Global Warming Politics. Global Environmental Politics 1 (4): 18-42.

—. 2010. Legitimation and Accumulation in Climate Change Governance. New Political Economy 15 (3): 1-23.

Pierson, Paul. 2000. Increasing Returns, Path Dependence, and the Study of Politics. American Political Science Review 94 (2): 251-268.

Plumer, Bradford. 2010. Is The Real Action on Climate Policy In The States? The Vine Blog, The New Republic online. Available at < http://www.tnr.com/blog/the-vine/the-real-action-climate-policy-the-states&gt;. Accessed 10 February 2010.

Potoski, Matthew, and Aseem Prakash, eds. 2009. Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Approach. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Prakash, Aseem, and Matthew Potoski. 2006. The Voluntary Environmentalist? Green Clubs and ISO 14001. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Prins, Gywn and Steve Rayner. 2007. The Wrong Trousers: Radically rethinking climate policy. Joint Research Paper of the James Martin Institute for Science and Civilization and the MacKinder Centre for the Study of Long-Wave Events, James Martin Institute, Oxford

Rabe, Barry G. 2004. Statehouse and Greenhouse: The Emerging Politics of American Climate Change Policy. Washington, DC: Brooking Press.

—. 2007. Beyond Kyoto: Climate Change Policy in Multilevel Governance Systems. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions 20 (3): 423-444.

—. 2008. States on Steroids: The Intergovernmental Odyssey of American Climate Policy. Review of Policy Research 25 (2): 105-128.

Raufner, Roger, and Stephen Feldman. 1987. Acid Rain and Emissions Trading, Rowman and Littlefield, New York.

Raustalia, Kal. 1997. States, NGOs and International Environmental Institutions. International Studies Quarterly 41 (4): 719-740.

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. 2005. Memorandum of Understanding. 20 December. Available at http://www.rggi.org/docs/mou_12_20_05.pdf

Rittel, Horst W. J., and Melvin M. Webber. 1973. Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy Sciences 4: 155-169.

Roman, Mikael. 2010. Governing from the middle: the C40 Cities Leadership Group. Corporate Governance 10 (1): 73-84.

Rosenau, James N. 1981. The Study of Political Adaptation. London: Frances Pinter Publishers.

—. 1986. Before Cooperation: Hegemons, Regimes, and Habit-driven Actors in World Politics. International Organization 40 (4): 849-50.

—. 1990. Turbulence in World Politics: A Theory of Change and Continuity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

—. 1997. Along the Domestic‑Foreign Frontier: Exploring governance in a turbulent world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—. 2003. Distant Proximities: Dynamics Beyond Globalization. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

—. 2005. Global Governance as Disaggregated Complexity. In Contending Perspectives on Global Governance, edited by Alice Ba and Matthew J. Hoffmann. London: Routledge.

Rosenau, James N., and Ernst‑Otto Czempiel, eds. 1992. Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rotmans, Jan and Derk Loorbach. 2009. Complexity and Transition Management. Journal of Industrial Ecology 13 (2): 184-196.

Sandor, Richard, Michael Walsh, and Rafael Marques. 2002. Greenhouse-gas-trading markets. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London 360: 1889-1900.

Sanwal, Mukul. 2007. Evolution of Global Environmental Governance and the United Nations. Global Environmental Politics 7 (3): 1-12.

Sassen, Saskia. 2006. Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Schelling, Thomas C. 2002. What makes greenhouse sense? Time to rethink the Kyoto Protocol. Foreign Affairs 81(3): 2-9.

Schroeder, Heike, and Harriet Bulkeley. 2009. Global Cities and the Governance of Climate Change: What is the Role of Law in Cities? Fordham Urban Law Journal 36: 313-359.

Scott, Alex. 1998. BP Experiments with CO2 Emissions Trading. Chemical Week October 28: 42.

Sebenius, James. 1991. Designing Negotiations Toward a New Regime: The Case of Global Warming. International Security 15 (4): 110‑48.

—. 1994. Towards a Winning Climate Coalition. In Negotiating Climate Change, edited by Irving Mintzer and J.A. Leonard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Selin, Henrik, and Stacy D. VanDeveer. 2005. Canadian-U.S. Environmental Cooperation: Climate Change Networks and Regional Action. American Review of Canadian Studies 35 (2): 353-378.

—. 2007. Political Science and Prediction: What’s Next for U.S. Climate Change Policy? Review of Policy Research 24 (1): 1-27.

Selin, Henrik,  and Stacy D. VanDeveer, eds. 2009. Changing Climates in North American Politics: Institutions, Policymaking and Multilevel Governance. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Sheingate, Adam. 2003. Political Entrepreneurship, Institutional Change, and American Political Development Studies in American Political Development 17: 185-203

Sinclair, Timothy. 2003. Global Monitor: Bond Rating Agencies. New Political Economy 8 (1): 147–161.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, and Jorgen Wettestad. 2008. EU Emissions Trading: Initiation, Decision-making and Implementation. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

Smith, Kevin. 2007. The Carbon Neutral Myth: Offset Indulgences for Your Climate Sins. Amsterdam: Carbon Trade Watch.

Smith, Michaela, and Ralph Stacey. 1997. Governance and Cooperative Networks: An Adaptive Systems Perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 54 (1): 79-94.

Soleille, Sebastien. 2006. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Schemes: A New Tool for the Environmental Regulator’s Kit. Energy Policy 34 (13): 1473-1477.

Stavins, Robert N. 2008. Addressing Climate Change with a Comprehensive U.S. Cap-and-Trade System. Discussion Paper 2008-02, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, MA. Available at < http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/18203/addressing_global_climate_change_with_a_comprehensive_us_capandtrade_system.html&gt;.

Sterk, Wolfgang, and Joseph Kruger. 2009. Establishing a Transatlantic Carbon Market. Climate Policy 9 (4): 389-401.

Stern, Nicholas. 2006. The Stern review report on the economics of climate change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stewart, Richard B. 2008. States (and Cities) as Actors in Global Climate Regulation: Unitary vs. Plural Architectures. Arizona Law Review 50 (3): 681-707.

Stewart, Richard B., and Jonathan B. Wiener. 2003. Reconstructing Climate Policy: Beyond Kyoto. Jackson, TN: AEI Press.

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Tiebout, Charles. 1956. A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures. The Journal of Political Economy 64 (5): 416-424.

Tietenberg, T. 1992. Relevant Experience with Tradable Permits. Combating Global Warming: Study on a Global System of Tradable Carbon Emission Entitlements. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. New York, United Nations: 37-54.

Tollefson, Chris, Fred Gale, and David Haley. 2008. Setting the Standard: Certification, Governance, and the Forest Stewardship Council. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Toly, Noah J. 2008. Transnational Municipal Networks in Climate Politics: From Global Governance to Global Politics. Globalizations 5 (3): 341-356.

Tuerk, Andreas, Michael Mehling, Christian Flachsland, and Wolfgang Sterk. 2009. Linking Carbon Markets: Concepts, case studies and pathways. Climate Policy 9 (4): 341-357.

Voß, Jan-Peter. 2007. Innovation Processes in Governance: The development of “emissions trading” as a new policy instrument. Science and Public Policy 34 (5): 329-343.

Vogler, John. 2003. Taking Institutions Seriously: How Regime Analysis can be Relevant to Multilevel Environmental Governance. Global Environmental Politics 3 (2): 25-39.

Wagener, Wolfgang. Connected and Sustainable ICT Infrastructure. White Paper written for the Connected Urban Development Global Conference 2008 – Amsterdam. Available at <http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/docs/wp/ctd/connected_infra.pdf&gt;.

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Weir, Margaret, Harold Wolman, and Todd Swanstrom. 2005. The Calculus of Coalitions: Cities, Suburbs, and the Metropolitan Agenda. Urban Affairs Review 40 (6): 730-760.

Werker, Eric, and Faisal Z. Ahmed. 2008. What Do Nongovernmental Organizations Do? Journal of Economic Perspectives 22 (2): 73-92.

Wiener, Antje. 2004. Contested Compliance: Interventions on the Normative Structure of World Politics. European Journal of International Relations 10 (2): 189-234.

—. 2008. The Invisible Constitution of Politics: Contested Norms and International Encounters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wiener, Jonathan B. 2007. Think Globally Act Globally: The Limits of Local Climate Politics. University of Pennsylvania Law Review 155.

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Zahran, Sammy, Samuel D. Brody, Arnold Vedlitz, Himanshu Grover, and Caitlyn Miller. 2008b. Vulnerability and Capacity: Explaining Local Commitment to Climate-Change Policy. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 26: 544-562.



  1. I’m currently working on security governance experiments at the Dissertation level. I’d like to know what is the state of the debate in other disciplines. The work you have been developed on environmental governance experiments called my attention. In particular I would like to know what is the bibliography you use.
    Thanks ,

    Tatiana Guarnizo

  2. Hi Tatiana
    Thanks for your comment–it spurred me to post a bibliography. What’s on the site now is a partial list of works that have informed my thinking on climate governance experiments and have shed light on particular experimental activities.

  3. Professor Hoffman, I have been familiar with your work for some time. But I am intrigued by your reference to climate governance experiments. How do you define these? Is your use of reference to experiments to similar to its usage in experimental and behavioural economics and the work of poverty labs in development economics? How do political scientists approach experimental research?

    Bharat Punjabi

  4. Bharat,
    Thanks for your note and questions. I am not using the term experiment in the same way as behavioral economics–I am not undertaking climate governance experiments myself. Rather, I am studying climate governance initiatives that I consider to be experimental–they are innovative efforts to make rules to address climate change being undertaken by actors not usually associated with climate governance (cities, provinces, NGO-corporate alliances, etc). They are experimental in that the initiatives have a trial and error quality and are being undertaken in many ways to consciously try and innovate. But let me reiterate, I use the term experiment to describe what these initiatives are and are doing rather than to indicate a research strategy on my part. In general, experimental research in political science is the same as in behavioral econ–researchers set up social experiments, but it is often in real-world situations rather than econ labs (I’ve seen ones that look at experimenting with voter turnout strategies for instance). I hope that clarifies some.

  5. Professor Hoffman, recently I found one of your articles in the book “The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy”. I found this article very interesting because its analysis on climate change demystifies much of the discussion that can be found within the scientific literature, which often assumes irrefutable arguments, and as you well noted, despite advances in the understanding of climate change, this implies a problem when it comes to answering the question about what kind of problem is climate change and consequently how to approach it.

    Currently I began my PhD research on the politics of environmental risk management in Central America: the case of Costa Rica confronting climate change.

    I would like to inquire how initiatives of small states are interpreted in the range of the dynamic of Climate Change?

    Thank you very much for your attention.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Salazar Chacón
    Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

  6. Hi Frank,
    Thanks for your comment and question, I’m glad you found the article to be of interest. There’s no easy answer to your question about small states. Some have played a large and innovative role in pushing for new thinking on the response to climate change (i.e. Ecuador’s proposal to not exploit its fossil fuel reserves in exchange for funding and Papua New Guinea’s partnership with Environmental Defense to push for REDD) and others have kept significant moral pressure on the negotiations (e.g. the small island nations). It certainly is an interesting area to pursue.


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